TimeZones Worldwide Sunday 12th May 2024 using AEST

Click here for Upcoming Daylight Saving Time Clock Changes Sep Oct Nov 2024.

Go to the background timeline to GMT, UTC, GPS with a link to an actual UTC clock

Go to Equinoxes and Solstices in Brisbane and Jerusalem

Go to Daylight Saving Time Summary by Country and by Region

Go to TimeZones Sunday 29th November 2020


AEST is used in Queensland Australia, Papua New Guinea, Guam, and Vladivostok in far eastern Russia on the Kamchatka peninsula beside the Pacific Ocean

Brisbane (Sunrise 6:19AM 
Sunset 5:08PM
)

Note, Queensland is a large state: Townsville (Sunrise 6:31AM 
Sunset 5:46PM
) Mount Isa (Sunrise 7:03AM 
Sunset 6:13PM
)


Vanuatu, Solomon Islands are 1 hr ahead. Fiji is 2 hrs ahead. New Zealand is also 2 hrs ahead. Tonga is 3 hrs ahead. American Samoa is 3 hrs ahead but on the previous day due to the International Date Line. Since December 2011 Samoa and Tokelau are 3 hrs ahead and on the same day as New Zealand Tonga and Australia.


Sydney (Sunrise 6:38), Hobart (Sunrise 7:13), Melbourne (Sunrise 7:11)

Adelaide (Sunrise 7:00 B7:30), BrokenHill (Sunrise 6:43 B7:13) ½ hr behind

Darwin (Sunrise 6:56 B7:26) also ½ hr behind

Tokyo, Seoul 1 hr behind
Japan adopted its current time zone in 1886

North Korea 1½ hrs behind

Perth (Sunrise 6:56 B8:56) 2 hrs behind
- except for Eucla in WA (Sunrise 6:48 B8:03) 1¼ hrs behind

China (including Tibet), Philippines, Malaysia also 2 hrs behind
Beijing, capital of China in the far north (Sunrise 5:02 B7:02 
Sunset 7:19 B9:19
)
China adopted Shanghai "Coastal Time" for shipping in the 1880s. It became Peking (Beijing) time with the Chinese revolution in 1912

Java, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Novosibirsk-Russia (chief city in Siberia) 3 hrs behind

Myanmar 3½ hrs behind

Bangladesh, Kazakhstan-East 4 hrs behind
Nepal 4¼ hrs behind
Nepal adopted Indian Standard Time in 1920, but advanced their clocks by 15 minutes in 1986

India 4½ hrs behind
Calcutta Time and Bombay (Mumbai) Time (one hour behind) were adopted officially in 1884. From 1870, many railway companies had been adopting Madras Time (almost midway between the two). In 1906, a 30 minute compromise between Calcutta and Bombay established Indian Standard Time, though for many years much of Bombay refused to change.

Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan-Central 5 hrs behind
Afghanistan 5½ hrs behind

Iran 6½ hrs behind
Tehran time adopted in 1884

Turkiye, Moscow, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania 7 hrs behind
In 1927 Turkiye adopted Eastern European Time (8 hours behind Brisbane). Previously all of the Ottoman Empire had followed a 12 hour clock that started at daybreak. In 2016 it aligned its time zone with Moscow and Saudi Arabia (7 hours behind).
Noting too in Islam the day starts at sunset, when the call to prayer is heard.
Saudi Arabia adopted its current clock in 1968.

Egypt, Athens, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Finland, Lithuania also 7 hrs behind (Daylight Saving)
Cairo in Egypt from 1800 was 2 hours and 5 minutes ahead of Paris and London. At midnight 1st October 1900 it adopted Eastern European Time (exactly 2 hours ahead).

Libya, Congo Democratic Republic, South Africa 8 hrs behind

Rest of Europe except UK & Portugal also 8 hrs behind (Daylight Saving)

France, Holland, Luxembourg, Belgium used to be in the same time zone as the UK, but in the summer of 1940 and continuing after the war, Germany changed their clocks to match the German zone (one hour ahead of the UK) with Spain's General Franco following suit.
Algeria, Nigeria, Morocco 9 hrs behind England, Portugal also 9 hrs behind (Daylight Saving) South West Africa (Ghana, Mali, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mauritania) and Iceland 10 hrs behind

"Should auld acquaintance" Time ball synchronization

10 hours behind Brisbane was also known as GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). The phrase "Mean solar time" was introduced in nautical almanacs in England in 1834 and in France in 1835. It averaged the 24*60*60=86400 seconds mean solar day over the course of the year, from March vernal equinox to vernal equinox, noting that mean time runs behind apparent time by about 16 minutes near November 3 but ahead of apparent time by about 14 minutes near February 6. The second then became a fixed unit of time....

An average solar day is 24 hrs. This is the time that we set our clocks to. At perihelion (2nd January 2024) the Earth is travelling at its fastest around the sun. Because the sun is moving faster relative to the background stars, it will take longer for the Earth to "catch up" reach solar noon anywhere, resulting in a longer day by about 15 minutes. At aphelion (6th July 2023) the Earth moves at its slowest pace around the sun, so the day is shorter by about 15 minutes.

An apparent solar day can be 20 seconds shorter or 30 seconds longer than a mean solar day. Long or short days occur in succession, so the difference builds up until mean time is ahead of apparent time by about 14 minutes near February 6 and behind apparent time by about 16 minutes near November 3. The equation of time is this difference, which is cyclical and does not accumulate from year to year.

Railway Time
In 1847, using telegraph technology, time signals were transmitted across Great Britain to coordinate railroad activities, becoming known as Railway Time.
USA steadily followed 1853-1882 using four time zones, then NSW 1855-1859 (Sydney time), India 1860-1870 (less clearly) with Calcutta Bombay and Madras times, Germany 1874 (Berlin time), France 1891, USSR 1922 (Moscow time).

During this period the Greenwich Royal Observatory in London was chosen by the USA (in particular) as the centre for synchronizing world time (before Daylight Saving emerged). The line at the Observatory bisects East and West being 0 degrees longitude.

On 1 November 1884, Greenwich Mean Time was adopted universally at the International Meridian Conference in Washington, DC. An issue involving the Date Line had been The Philippines when their Spanish Governor in 1844 skipped a day and Monday December 30 1844 was followed by Wednesday January 1 1845. As a result, the International Date Line was drawn up in the Pacific Ocean and 24 time zones were created.

Originally, astronomers considered a GMT day to start at noon, while for the general public it started at midnight. In 1928, the name Universal Time or UT was introduced to denote GMT as counted from midnight.

Historically, Universal Time was computed from observing the position of the Sun in the sky. But astronomers found that it was more accurate to measure the rotation of the Earth by observing stars as they crossed the meridian each day.

And while Universal Time (UT1) is tied directly to Earth's rotation angle, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is based on an atomic timescale using Newcomb's tables 1750-1892, a weighted average (in nanoseconds) of 450 atomic clocks worldwide, occasionally adjusted with an intercalary leap second to remain within 0.9 seconds of UT1.

In 1972 the day length in earth's rotation averaged 3 additional milliseconds, dropping to 1 millisecond in 2016 and -1 millisecond in 2021. The decision to add (or subtract) a leap second in UTC comes from the International Earth Rotation Service (IERS) in Paris working with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU)...

In 1955 the BIH (Bureau International de l'Heure) adopted a proposal by William Markowitz, effective January 1, 1956, dividing UT into UT0 (GMT, Pendulum Clock), UT1 (UT0 with small stellar angular differences), and UT2 (UT1 with small seasonal fluctuations). From 1956 to 1972, UT2 was the international standard recommended for radio broadcasting.

UTC Starting in 1956, WWV in Colorado USA broadcast an atomic clock signal stepped by 20 ms increments to bring it into agreement with UT1, thus it was never more than 20 ms in error. By 1960, the Royal Greenwich Observatory, the US Naval Observatory, and the UK National Physical Laboratory coordinated their radio broadcasts so that time steps and frequency changes were coordinated, and the resulting time scale was informally referred to as "Coordinated Universal Time". In 1963, WWV ceased issuing corrections to UT2.

In April 1967, WWV stopped using the local time of the transmitter site (Eastern Time until 1966, and Mountain Time afterwards) and switched to broadcasting Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). The same year the ITU based in Geneva formally established UTC (Co-ordinated Universal Time) as their official time standard, overseen from Paris France by the BIPM (Bureau of International Weights and Measures). On January 1 1972, UTC was defined to follow UT1 within 0.9 seconds with UT2 subsequently becoming irrelevant. In 1974 WWV switched GMT format name to UTC.

Currently UTC deviates from TAI (International Atomic Time fixed on 1 January 1958) by a number of whole seconds. As of 1 January 2017, when another leap second was put into effect, UTC is currently exactly 37 seconds behind TAI. The 37 seconds result from the initial difference of 10 seconds at the start of 1972, plus 27 leap seconds in UTC since 1972.

GPS. At midnight on 5 January 1980 –19 seconds behind TAI– the US Dept of Defense initiated Global Positioning System time. It now uses four GPS satellites at any given moment continuously broadcasting to a GPS receiver on earth a Navigation Message of 37,500 bits of clock and position data. At a rate of 50 bits-per-second this message takes 12½ minutes on a completely cold start. Currently GPS is ahead of UTC by 18 seconds.

Today GMT (always identical with UT / UTC) is the basis for civil time in the United Kingdom, including the BBC World Service, the Royal Navy, and the Met Office. And others, particularly in Arab countries such as the Middle East Broadcasting Centre.

Click here for a live UTC clock, started at midnight December 31st 1899 (called January 0, 1900).

Central and Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina 11 hrs ahead (previous day) Western Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela, Paraguay, Chile 10 hrs ahead (previous day) also Haiti, Cuba, Florida and Washington DC and New York in USA, Toronto and Montreal and Quebec in Canada 10 hrs ahead (previous day) (Daylight Saving) Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Cancún in Mexico 9 hrs ahead (previous day) also Ojinaga in Mexico, Texas and Chicago in USA, Winnipeg in Canada 9 hrs ahead (previous day) (Daylight Saving) San Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico City and most of Northern Mexico 8 hrs ahead (previous day) all year round also Juárez in Northern Mexico, Colorado Utah and New Mexico in USA, Alberta and Saskatchewan in Canada 8 hrs ahead (previous day) (Daylight Saving) Arizona in USA 7 hours ahead (previous day) (all year round) also Baja California in Mexico, Los Angeles and Seattle in USA, Yukon in Canada 7 hrs ahead (previous day) (Daylight Saving) Alaska 6 hrs ahead (previous day) (Daylight Saving) Hawaii, Tahiti 4 hrs ahead (previous day)

 

On Tuesday March 21, 2017 1:56 PM, "Stephen Williamson" wrote:

Subject: March Equinox now past, almost time to fix up our clocks :-)

Hi all

Yep, nearly that time of year when we realign with Sydney time. This Sunday week.

Great little link below, you can change month and year, by manually altering the hyperlink. Or clicking on their date option (just below their heading). You can also change countries. Boy, I could have used one of these at school when I was in that geography/physics class trying to figure out all those "bits and bobs and what ifs".

Brisbane


March 20 last night. Our Equinox (sun was directly over Equator at 8:29pm)

Brisbane Sunrise 5:51AM  
Sunset 5:59PM


March 25 will be our most equal day
due to a light lingering "quirkiness" thing. Technical term : "refraction" 

Brisbane Sunrise 5:53AM  
Sunset 5:53PM
 11hrs 59 minutes 43 seconds

almost, not quite, 12 hours.



December 21 was our Longest day, ie sun was furthest to the south over Tropic of Capricorn

Brisbane Sunrise 4:49AM  
Sunset 6:42PM
  13hrs 52 minutes 54 seconds

June 21 (Shortest day, sun furthest to the north over Tropic of Cancer)

Brisbane Sunrise 6:37AM  
Sunset 5:01PM
  10hrs 24 minutes 13 seconds


Jerusalem


March 20 yesterday afternoon. Their Equinox (sun was directly over Equator at 12:29pm)

Jerusalem Sunrise 5:41AM  
Sunset 5:51PM


March 16 was their most equal day due to their latitude and curvature.

Jerusalem Sunrise 5:48AM  
Sunset 5:47PM
 11hrs 59 minutes 47 seconds



 
June 21 (Their Longest day - they use Daylight saving, starts 2am this Friday)

Jerusalem Sunrise 5:34AM  
Sunset 7:47PM
  14hrs 13 minutes 33 seconds

December 21 (Shortest day)

Jerusalem Sunrise 6:35AM  
Sunset 4:39PM
  10hrs 4 minutes 28 seconds



Blessings  Steve


Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time by Country

Some History
Daylight Saving Time History

In ancient times, by using sundials there were always 12 hours in the day, though its length varied with the seasons. Romans were fond of the water clock, a mechanised way of knowing the time day and night. After pendulum clocks were invented in 1656 AD, the length of the second gradually became fixed. People varied their opening hours between seasons, as it suited them.

Daylight saving was introduced during World War 1 by both sides of the conflict. Berlin initiated the move in summer on Monday 1st May 1916 as a means of conserving coal, by having more light in the evening. Other countries followed suit, including Australia, in 1917 only. After 1919, while UK US France Canada and Ireland kept it going, the rest of Europe and Russia abandoned it. It was restored by many countries (but not Russia) in 1940 during World War 2, abandoned afterwards in 1949 or 1950, then brought in again starting in Tasmania in 1968. Most of Australia followed in 1971 excepting Western Australia and Northern Territory. After many complaints in much of Queensland, it was abandoned there the following year in 1972. It was retrialled under Labour Premier Wayne Goss in 1989, but has been abandoned since 1992.

Daylight Saving Time in Australia

Following pages are from www.timetemperature.com


TimeZones Worldwide Sunday 29th November 2020


when the sun was in the south :-)

Brisbane (Sunrise 4:44AM 
Sunset 6:27PM
)

Note, Queensland is a large state: Townsville (Sunrise 5:25AM 
Sunset 6:36PM
) Mount Isa (Sunrise 5:52AM 
Sunset 7:08PM
)


Vanuatu is 1 hr ahead. Fiji is 2 hrs ahead. New Zealand is 3 hrs ahead (on Daylight Saving). Tonga is also 3 hrs ahead (but without Daylight Saving).
Samoa is 4 hrs ahead (Daylight Saving), noting that Samoa used it in 2020, but not in 2021.
American Samoa is 3 hrs ahead (without Daylight Saving) and on the previous day due to the International Date Line.


Sydney (Sunrise 5:37 B4:37), Hobart (Sunrise 5:27 B4:27), Melbourne (Sunrise 5:52 B4:52)

NSW, Victoria and Tasmania are 1 hr ahead (except for Broken Hill in NSW). Daylight Saving


Adelaide (Sunrise 5:55 B5:25), BrokenHill (Sunrise 5:51 B5:21) ½ hr ahead (Daylight Saving)

Darwin (Sunrise 6:11 B6:41) ½ hr behind 

Tokyo, Seoul 1 hr behind

North Korea 1½ hrs behind

Perth (Sunrise 5:03 B7:03) 2 hrs behind
- except for Eucla in WA (Sunrise 4:57 B6:12) 1¼ hrs behind.

China (including Tibet), Philippines, Malaysia also 2 hrs behind
Beijing, capital of China in the far north (Sunrise 7:14AM B9:14AM 
Sunset 4:50PM B6:50PM
)

Java, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Novosibirsk-Russia (chief city in Siberia) 3 hrs behind

Myanmar 3½ hrs behind

Bangladesh, Kazakhstan-East 4 hrs behind
Nepal 4¼ hrs behind
India 4½ hrs behind
Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan-Central 5 hrs behind
Afghanistan 5½ hrs behind

Iran 6½ hrs behind

Turkey, Moscow, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania 7 hrs behind

Egypt, Libya, Congo Dem Rep, South Africa 8 hrs behind

Athens, Israel, Syria, Jordan also 8 hrs behind

Algeria, Nigeria. Morocco 9 hrs behind

Europe except UK & Portugal also 9 hrs behind

South West Africa (Ghana, Mali, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mauritania) and Iceland 10 hrs behind.

England, Portugal also 10 hrs behind

Central and Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina 11 hrs ahead (previous day)
also Chile, Paraguay 11 hrs ahead (previous day) (Daylight Saving)

Western Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela 10 hrs ahead (previous day)

Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Cancún in Mexico 9 hrs ahead (previous day)
also New York, Toronto, Montreal, Cuba, Haiti 9 hrs ahead (previous day)

San Salvador, Guatemala 8 hrs ahead (previous day)
also Mexico City, Texas 8 hrs ahead (previous day)

Northern Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Alberta 7 hrs ahead (previous day)

Baja California in Mexico, Los Angeles, Seattle, Yukon 6 hrs ahead (previous day)

Alaska 5 hrs ahead (previous day)

Hawaii 4 hrs ahead (previous day)

** End of file.

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